Indirect Criminal Contempt Petitions: Possible Penalties for Violating a No-Contact (PFA) Order

Pennsylvania’s Protection from Abuse (PFA) Act provides individuals engaged, or formerly engaged, in a certain relationship (often “intimate relationships” and “family relationships”) the ability to file for a Protective Order against another individual when the court determines that there is a finding of abuse. The PFA is technically a civil matter not a criminal matter,  … Read More

Summary Appeals and Summary Trials for Traffic and Non-Traffic Cases

Television, movies, and civics classes alike have educated Americans on “criminal trials” involving serious misdemeanors and felonies. However, in Pennsylvania, there is another tier of offenses apart from felonies and misdemeanors. These are what as referred to as “summary offenses.” And what are summary offenses? Most traffic offenses will constitute summary offenses, including careless driving,  … Read More